Sir Douglas Mawson was a colossus of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration who carried the banner of scientific research to the great white continent and established Australia’s territorial claim. Though less prestigious, this was a wide ranging scientific and exploratory expedition to previously unknown and unvisited regions of the Antarctic continent. It must be, he thought, one of the six huskies pulling the rear sledge. A granddaughter of Sir Douglas Mawson has died at her home in Berlin, Germany. The face of a man who could not be broken. On January 7 1913, Douglas Mawson stood alone as he looked over the blizzard-swept ice of Antarctica. Mawson arrived alone, his colleague having died from what experts now believe was poisoning from consumption of Husky dog liver. This is refection about what I learned and what I now… C: Yeah- He- Well, that’s what Mawson claims. Sir Douglas Mawson was an English geologist and the pioneer of Australian Antarctic exploration. Born in England on 5 May 1882, Mawson migrated to … Landmarks named after Douglas Mawson. Only Mawson returned. "Future generations of Australians will look back on his life as a source of inspiration.". He attended this school until he graduated in 1899. Sir Douglas commanded two more expeditions to the Antarctic in 1929 and 1930-31. In addition to his other activities, Mawson edited and contributed to the 22-volume Reports of Australasian Antarctic Expeditions. His face appears on the $100 note and his picture has appeared on stamps. A glimpse, from within the cavern of the Mertz Glacier, Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914. The dogs were all on Douglas Mawson's Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) of 1911-14, but the naming is a tribute to all the huskies that underpinned Australian exploration in the icy continent. He was survived by his wife Lady Paquita and his two daughters, Patricia and Jessica. -Douglas Mawson Unlike many of Mawson’s historic counterparts in the Heroic age of Antarctic Exploration, Mawson was known for his drive to explore without the claim to glory other men of the era strived for. Ninnis died when he fell down a crevasse, together with the sledge carrying most of their food supplies, and later Mertz became ill and died. Sir Douglas Mawson is widely regarded as Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorer for mapping untrodden areas and surviving some of the most harrowing situations. December 28, 2013. tags: Antarctic. Mawson received a bachelor’s degree in mining engineering from Sydney University in 1902, and his field investigations in the Broken Hill mining area of west-central New South Wales earned him a doctorate in science from the university in 1909. On an Antarctic expedition 100 years ago, Mawson endured one of the most horrific journeys in the history of exploration. Mawson and five men remained for another year. Mertz died on January 8, 1913, with Mawson attributing his death to ''weather exposure and want of food''. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He was a man of science, onset with the noble … The Prime Minister, Mr Menzies, tonight said Sir Douglas had been one of the very great men of this century. Mawson continued on alone. Mawson was born in England in 1882, and moved to Sydney with his family in 1884. Be the first to answer! Mawson died in 1958. The first permanent Antarctic station was named after him. Another of his most notable works was the book The Home of the Blizzard (1915). Douglas Mawson: The Psychology of a Survivor "It's dead easy to die; it's the keeping on living that's hard." He married Francisca Adriana (Paquita) Delprat, of Dutch descent, and they had two daughters. This article was first published in The Sydney Morning Herald on October 15, 1958. It took weeks, but he finally reached the base and was saved. Mawson was in the three-man party which was the first to reach the Earth's Magnetic South Pole (although some suggest they did not quite make it to the exact spot). Battling the ice and snow and nearly falling into a crevasse himself. Updates? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... An overview of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911–14), led by Douglas Mawson. Sir Douglas Mawson was an English geologist and the pioneer of Australian Antarctic exploration. He first went to Antarctica with Ernest Shackleton on the 1907-1909 Nimrod expedition when he was one of a party of 3 to reach the Magnetic South Pole for the first time, manhauling a sledge for 122 days over 1260 miles. Douglas Mawson was born on May 5, 1882, in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England.His parents were Margaret Ann (Moore) and Robert Mawson. Did you know that Australia lays claim to 42 percent of Antarctica? Sir Douglas Mawson is one of Australia's best known Antarctic explorers. Sir Douglas Mawson and expedition members cheering the raising of the Union Jack flag at Proclamation Harbour, Enderby Land, Antarctica, ca. Mawson’s Hut and its outbuildings remain largely intact and are of national and international heritage significance. He was accorded a Commonwealth state funeral and was buried at St Jude's Anglican Church, Brighton. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The funeral is expected to be held at 3 p.m. tomorrow. n Sir Douglas. Sir Douglas, a noted scholar and courageous leader, became a world-famous figure in the history of polar exploration. Answer. So both became really sick and Mertz died. Mawson died of cerebral hemorrhage on October 14, 1958 at his home in Brighton. After graduating, he enrolled in the University of Adelaide. His explorations enabled Australia to claim some 2,500,000 square miles (6,475,000 square km) of the Antarctic continent. and 'The tranquillity of the water heightened the superb effects of this glacial world. Here, Mawson is pictured with his fellow students. Sir Douglas Mawson, the unsung hero of Antarctica, gets his due at last This article is more than 7 years old A biography of Sir Douglas Mawson tells how he … Mawson kept his ‘favourite dog’ Admiral D’Urville, who was soon entertaining guests at a reception held by his fiancee’s family (‘To Meet Dr. Douglas Mawson’). A scientist before all else, he sought information and knowledge rather than fame, fortune or ‘firsts’. Yet, over the speculative pipe at home after a successful day’s labour on the wireless masts, or out on the turbulent plateau when the hour of hoosh brought the strenuous day to a close, more than one man was heard to say, ‘One year in this country is enough for me’. Who doesn't love being #1? In 1911, Sir Douglas discovered and mapped 1000 miles of new Antarctic coastline, examined the geology of the continent, discovered King George V land, and greatly enriched scientific knowledge of the Antarctic. Sir Douglas was the greatest and most famous of our Antarctic explorers. He was born in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England, on 5th May 1882, the son of cloth merchant Robert El.. The dogs were all on Douglas Mawson's Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) of 1911-14, but the naming is a tribute to all the huskies that underpinned Australian exploration in the icy continent. "He had courage, remarkable ability, great vision and great tenacity," Mr Menzies said. 1930.Credit:Frank Hurley courtesy of NLA. But somehow he made it more than 160 kilometres to the safety of the hut. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire on May 5, 1882. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. However, he did not discard his geological specimens. Achievements. In Melbourne, Dr Frank Stillwell who was a member of the Australasian Antarctic expedition, which Sir Douglas led in 1911, said: "Sir Douglas was the greatest and most famous of our Antarctic explorers. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire on May 5, 1882. Having won distinction as a member of Sir Ernest Shackleton's Antarctic team (1907-9), he led his own expedition south in 1911. The funeral is expected to be held at 3 p.m. tomorrow. High This article has been rated as High-importance on the project's importance scale. Mawson died at his Brighton home on 14 October 1958 following cerebral haemorrhage. C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. 1930. Credit: Frank Hurley courtesy of NLA. A year later a ship arrived to get the 6 men and Mawson. Douglas Mawson synonyms, Douglas Mawson pronunciation, Douglas Mawson translation, English dictionary definition of Douglas Mawson. Mawson went on to Main base 39 days alone. One of Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorers, Douglas Mawson was responsible for one of the most extreme survival stories of all time. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. What he did know, however, was that Antarctica held great potential for Australia. Here, Mawson is pictured with his fellow students. After his two companions died, he completed the expedition alone, travelling 160km in 30 days. He returned to find his ship Aurora had left a few hours earlier. He later graduated with a degree in mining engineering in 1902. ", Sir Douglas Mawson ca. Sir Douglas Mawson died on this day from a cerebral haemorrhage. Eventually Mertz became too ill to go on and Mawson cared for him in their tent until Mertz died on the morning of January 8th, 1912. Excerpt from Mawson the Survivor (1982). University of Sydney, coeducational institution of higher learning in Sydney, nominally private but supported financially by both the Commonwealth of Australia and New South Wales. The expedition landed in Antarctica in early 1912 and proceeded to set up its main base on Commonwealth Bay. This was the last day in the life of a heroic man that changed the way we think about Antarctica! A century ago, Douglas Mawson saw his two companions die and found himself stranded in the midst of Antarctic blizzards. Douglas Mawson, in full Sir Douglas Mawson, (born May 5, 1882, Shipley, Yorkshire, England—died October 14, 1958, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia), Australian geologist and explorer whose travels in the Antarctic earned him worldwide acclaim. DOUGLAS MAWSON AND THE NIMROD EXPEDITION An Australian geologist who became Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorer. Dragging two sledges, one weighing 606 pounds and the other 250 pounds, they took four months to cover the 250 miles, averaging about two miles a day. Register to get answer. He was born in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England, on 5th May 1882, the son of cloth merchant Robert El.. And now that Mertz is dead, Mawson’s changes of survival are drastically increased. In 1911 (Sir) Douglas Mawson invited Hurley to be official photographer on the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. He appeared to eat more of the nutritious foods than Mertz. 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